[25] Haruna ultimately carried 118 guns in 30 triple, two twin, and 24 single mounts. Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds (1979). Britain itself was in a great arms race with Germany. Languages. 31–43. The following year the government placed an order for the armored frigate Fusō and two Kongō-class ships, designed by the British naval architect Sir Edward Reed,[1] from British shipyards as no Japanese shipyard was able to build ships of this size. [15], Japanese naval ship classes of World War I. The ship returned to active duty during the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894–95 where she participated in the Battle of Weihaiwei. The mountain has lent its name to a series of naval ships and ship classes: the Imperial Japanese Navy's 1877 ironclad Kongō; the 1912 battleship Kongō, the name ship of her class; and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force's current destroyer Kongō (DDG-173), also the name ship of her class. [34][35] Following armament and armour upgrades in late 1943 and early 1944,[3] Kongō sailed as part of Admiral Jisaburō Ozawa's Mobile Fleet during the Battle of the Philippine Sea. The Japanese battleship Kongô, a ship with a magical name and an important history, was budgeted in 1910 and ordered from the British shipbuilder Vickers in January 1911. [2], The contract for Kongō was awarded to Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Co. in Hull, England on 24 September 1875 for the price of £120,750, exclusive of armament. Kongō (金剛, "indestructible", named forMount Kongō) was a warship of theImperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. Armed with eight 12-inch (30.5 cm) main guns, Invincible rendered all current—and designed—Japanese capital ships obsolete by comparison. She was the first battlecruiser of the Kongō class, among the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. In English sources often spelled Kongo. [40][45] While trying to evade an attack at 14:00, Hiei lost her emergency rudder and began to show a list to stern and starboard. The class was built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be constructed in Japan. Kongō (金剛, Kongō) was the lead ship of the Kongō-class ironclad corvettes built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the 1870s. [26] The turrets were lightly armoured compared to later designs, with a maximum plate thickness of 9 inches (229 mm). Kongō (金剛, “Indestructible Diamond”), named for the mountain, was the first battleship of her class, serving in both the first and second world wars.At the time of construction in the early 1910s she was a capital ship (the last Japanese Capital ship to be built outside of Japan) and was among the most heavily armed ships in any Navy. [7], The primary armament of the Kongō class consisted of eight 14"/45 guns, mounted in four superfiring twin-gun turrets. [5], Japanese sources universally give the date for Kongō's keel-laying as 24 September 1875—the same as that for the awarding of the contract—but historian Hans Langerer describes this as improbable, arguing that no shipyard would order enough material to begin construction without cash in hand. [38] She was removed from the Navy List on 20 January 1945. [7] Kirishima joined her sister ships in escorting naval sorties against Ceylon. Following the loss of the latter on the evening of 13 November, Kirishima subsequently engaged American battleships on the night of 14/15 November. On 8 December 1941, Haruna provided heavy support for the invasion of Malaya and Singapore. Sources disagree on the reconstruction's beginning and ending dates. The twin and triple mounts "lacked sufficient speed in train or elevation; the gun sights were unable to handle fast targets; the gun exhibited excessive vibration; the magazine was too small, and, finally, the gun produced excessive muzzle blast". The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦, Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I.Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. Following the completion of these modifications, which increased top speeds to over 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph), all four were reclassified as fast battleships. Lengerer, Hans (March 2007). Kongō began another cadet cruise on 19 April 1894, but transferred her cadets to the cruiser Takachiho in Honolulu on 16 June and relieved Takachiho as the patrol ship there. While Whitley and Combined Fleet agree on a starting date of 1 June 1935, Breyer uses January 1936; all sources agree that it ended in January 1937, but Breyer uses a more general "January 1937", rather than the exact date given by Whitley and Combined Fleet. [15] These upgraded boilers gave the Kongō and her sister ships much greater power, with the ships of the class capable of speeds exceeding 30.5 knots (56.5 km/h; 35.1 mph). She had a displacement of 37,187 tons, length of 728 ft 4 in (222 m), beam of 101 ft 8 in (31m), draft of 31 ft 10 in (9.7m) and a speed of 30 knots (56 kmph). The ship was reclassified as a survey ship in 1906 and was sold for scrap in 1910. [6] It also called for eight 14-inch guns mounted in four twin gun turrets (two forward and two aft) with a top speed of 27.5 knots (50.9 km/h; 31.6 mph). Whitley says 26 November 1936, Breyer says November 1936, and Combined Fleet gives 1 April 1937. Kongō was launched on 17 April 1877; the wife of a secretary in the Japanese Legation cut the retaining rope with a hammer and chisel. [47] This upgrade improved her engine plant, redesigned the superstructure, lengthened the stern, and enabled her to equip floatplanes. [27] The turret armour was strengthened to 10 inches (254 mm), while 4 inches (102 mm) were added to portions of the deck armour. [26] The conning tower of the Kongō class was very heavily armoured, with variations of Krupp Cemented Armour up to 14 inches (360 mm) thick. The Kongō and Hiei attained 27.54 knots (51.00 km/h; 31.69 mph) and 27.72 knots (51.34 km/h; 31.90 mph) with 78,275 shp (58,370 kW) and 76,127 shp (56,768 kW), respectively. [4] Completed by 1915, they were considered the first modern battlecruisers of the Imperial Japanese Navy. After serving as a transport and support-ship during the Second Sino-Japanese War, Kirishima escorted the aircraft carrier strikeforce bound for the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. After the end of the Russo-Japanese War, Kongō's armament was reduced to six ex-Russian 12-pounder guns and six 2.5-pounders. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside of Japan as the latter three were built in Japanese shipyards. Lengerer, Hans (September 2006). [17], After the war, Kongō alternated her training cruises with Hiei, making the 1896 cruise to China and Southeast Asia from 11 April to 16 September and the 1898 cruise to Australia from 17 March to 16 September. [1] According to naval historian Robert Jackson, they "outclassed all other contemporary [capital] ships". [15], Kongō began another cadet cruise on 24 September 1892 and visited Vancouver and San Francisco. [3], In March 1908, the Royal Navy launched HMS Invincible at Newcastle upon Tyne. [3][N 1] When her reconstruction was completed on 31 March 1931, she was reclassified as a battleship. Although the ship played no part in the affair, she remained there to protect Japanese interests until relieved by the cruiser Naniwa[16] and reached home on 22 April. The class was built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be constructed in Japan. [3] The modifications were completed on 8 January 1937. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Battleship Kongō. This model was the standard Japanese light anti-aircraft gun during World War II, but severe design shortcomings rendered it largely ineffective. 40–53. The class was built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be constructed in Japan. This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 22:11. Kongō (金剛, "Indestructible Diamond") was the first of the Kongo-class battlecruiser. 日本語: 戦艦・金剛 。. The vessel was named for Mount Kongō. The design of the ships was from Vickers Design 472C (corresponding to the Japanese design designation B-46). Contact us. Designation: Japanese built guns (after 1917): 36 cm/45 (14") 41st Year Type (Model 1908) Used on ship classes: Kongo, Ise and Fuso Classe The engine was designed to produce 2,500 indicated horsepower (1,900 kW) to give the Kongō-class ironclads a speed of 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph). Kongō (金剛, Kongō) was the lead ship of the Kongō-class ironclad corvettes built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the 1870s. [31][37][40] All of her armour and most of her armament were removed under the restrictions of the treaty and carefully preserved. She was laid down in 1911 in Barrow-in-Furness, Britain; sold to Japan; and commissioned in 1913. [3][37] Kongō and an escort, Urakaze, were sunk northwest of Taiwan on 21 November 1944 by the submarine USS Sealion, after being hit on the port bow by two or three torpedoes. The ship did not participate in the Battle of the Yalu River in September, but was present during the Battle of Weihaiwei in January–February 1895. was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. [10], The Kongō-class corvettes had a wrought-iron armor waterline belt 4.5 inches (114 mm) thick amidships that tapered to 3 inches (76 mm) at the ends of the ship. [24] The 25 mm guns were mounted on the Kongō class in single, double, and triple mounts. Laid down January 17, 1911 as the last major Japanese warship to be built overseas for Japan. All four participated in the battles of Midway and Guadalcanal. Swanston, Alexander & Swanston, Malcolm (2007). KONGO is the only IJN battleship sunk by a submarine during the war and the last battleship ever sunk by a submarine. was the lead ship of the Kongō-class ironclad corvettes built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the 1870s. IJN Kongō (金剛) all'ancora, probabilmente nel 1931 - Incrociatore da battaglia, trasformato in nave da battaglia veloce nel 1935 Classe Kongō Ordinata 1911 Cantiere Vickers-Armstrong Impostata 17 gennaio 1911 Entrata in servizio 16 agosto 1913 Destino finale Affondata il 21 novembre 1944 nello stretto di Formosa Caratteristiche generali Dislocamento 36.578 Lunghezza 222 m Larghezza 31 m Pescaggio … [9], Kongō was fitted with three 172-millimeter (6.8 in) Krupp rifled breech-loading (RBL) guns and six RBL 152-millimeter (6.0 in) Krupp guns. Hiei and Kirishima acted as escorts during the attack on Pearl Harbor, while Kongō and Haruna supported the invasion of Singapore. Also, horribly unbalanced, as well as breaks instantly, even with the new Sea Mod. In Ahlberg, Lars. [8] Her topmasts were removed in 1895. pp. 金剛型戦艦 の1番艦。. [20] Both ships were equipped with eight submerged 533-millimetre (21.0 in) torpedo tubes, four on each broadside. On 14 July, the general public was allowed to tour the ship for a week.[12]. they were seen as powerful ships in Britain, carrying 14" guns, which outdid the 13.5" currently arming the latest British capital ships then entering service. Kongō(金剛,Kongō?) While, Imperial Service Ships were used by Japanese royalty for naval transport, "IJN KIRISHIMA: Tabular Record of Movement", Japanese naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kongō-class_battlecruiser&oldid=995040079, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph), Sunk by US aircraft, 28 July 1945; broken up from 1946. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, constructed in the UK by Vickers, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. [3][30] Kongō and Hiei were part of the Second Fleet Main Body during the Battle of Midway, but were diverted north on 9 June to assist in the invasion of the Aleutian Islands. As built, the Kongō class was fitted with a secondary armament of sixteen 15 cm/50 guns mounted in single casemates along the sides of the hull at the level of the upper deck. From October 1933 to November 1934, Kongō was the flagship of the Japanese Combined Fleet, before being placed in reserve when the flag was transferred to Yamashiro. Launched May 18, 1912. The recoil mechanism of the guns was also changed from a hydraulic to pneumatic system, which allowed for a faster firing cycle of the main guns. After being sent to the reserve fleet in December 1923, she received a refit during 1924. In 1943, she deployed as part of a larger force on multiple occasions to counter the threat of American carrier strikes, but did not actively participate in a single battle. "The IJN’s First Warship Order to a Foreign Country: Armoured Frigate Fusô and Belted Corvettes Kongô and Hiei – Part II". The anti-torpedo boat armament was again reinforced in 1897 by the addition of a pair of 2.5-pounder Hotchkiss guns. The turbines were arranged in two compartments, separated by a centerline longitudinal bulkhead; both compartments were situated between turrets No. In 1911 the Imperial Japanese Diet (Teikoku-gikai) passed funds to support the Naval Emergency Expansion Bill that authorized the design and construction of a battleship and four battlecruisers. 3D model Armor model Modules scheme. Specifics. [37][40][42] She participated in carrier actions against Ceylon and Midway Island, and was subsequently drydocked in July. Kongō (金剛, Kongō?) [13][14] During their 1930s reconstructions into fast battleships, the existing boilers were removed and replaced with eleven oil-fired Kampon boilers. Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan?) As with the first, sources disagree as to the exact dates of the second reconstruction. [19] When firing at surface targets, the guns had a range of 14,700 metres (16,100 yd); they had a maximum ceiling of 9,440 metres (30,970 ft) at their maximum elevation of +90 degrees. Her designer was the British naval engineer George Thurston, and she was laid down in 1911 at Barrow-in-Furness in Britain by Vickers Shipbuilding Company. [20] During their second reconstruction, two of these guns were removed from each ship, leaving fourteen 15 cm guns. Returning to the main fleet, the battlecruiser operated off China for periods of time in 1925–1926, until she returned to reserve from 1927 to 1931 in preparation for a major reconstruction. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. 45–54. This increased their range to 8,930 nautical miles (16,540 km; 10,280 mi) at 14 knots and allowed the fore funnel to be removed, which greatly decreased smoke interference with the bridge and fire-control systems. The shells could be loaded at any angle[16] and the guns had a firing cycle of 30–40 seconds. English: Kongō was the lead ship of the Kongō-class battlecruisers of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1913 - … During this engagement Kongō and Haruna bombarded Henderson Field with 430 14-inch and 33 6-inch shells on 13 October 1942. [15] After a short patrolling duty off Sasebo, Haruna suffered a breech explosion during gunnery drills on 12 September 1920; seven crewmen were killed and the No. [22] During reconstruction, the two foremost 152 mm guns were also removed.[23]. She was launched about a year and a half later (1 December 1913) and transferred to Sasebo Naval Arsenal for fitting out. [12], In their first reconstruction during the late 1920s, the ships were reboilered with 10, 11 (Hiei) or 16 (Haruna) Kampon boilers, and their fuel stowage was rearranged to accommodate 2,661 long tons (2,704 t) of coal and 3,292 long tons (3,345 t) of oil. "The IJN’s First Warship Order to a Foreign Country: Armoured Frigate Fusô and Belted Corvettes Kongô and Hiei – Part III". (Model kits manufactured by Fujimi) These four sister ships were the first modern battlecruisers in the Japanese arsenal. [6] During her sea trials on 7 December 1877, the ship reached a maximum speed of 13.73 knots (25.43 km/h; 15.80 mph), enough to earn the builder a bonus of £300. The ships also mounted four 76 mm/40 anti-aircraft (AA) guns. [29] On 1 November 1924, Kongō docked at Yokosuka for modifications which improved fire control and main-gun elevation, and increased her antiaircraft armament. IJN Kongō was the first of the class and participated in both the world wars. Kongō resumed her training duties after the war, though she also played a minor role in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05. Her sister ships, Haruna, Kirishima and Hiei, were all completed in Japan. On 10 July a formal ceremony was held in Yokohama for the receipt of the ship that was attended by the Meiji Emperor and many senior government officials. was the lead ship of the Kongō-class ironclad corvettes built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the 1870s. [3] On 23 August 1914, Japan formally declared war on the German Empire as part of her contribution to the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, and Kongō was deployed near Midway Island to patrol the communications lines of the Pacific Ocean, attached to the Third Battleship Division of the First Fleet. The class was built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be constructed in Japan. Her horizontal armour, boilers, and machinery space were all improved, and she was equipped to carry Type 90 Model 0 floatplanes. Sources disagree on the exact dates. [19] Also available was a 625-kilogram (1,378 lb) high-explosive shell that had a muzzle velocity of 805 meters per second (2,640 ft/s). Vidéo de Présentation/Gameplay du IJN Kongō, Cuirassé Japonnais de Tier 5 Vidéo réalisé sur la Closed Beta du jeu. This made them the only Japanese battleships at the time fully suited to operations alongside fast aircraft carriers. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦 Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan ) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. Due to… 1913年就役、1944年戦没。. "The IJN’s First Warship Order to a Foreign Country: Armoured Frigate Fusô and Belted Corvettes Kongô and Hiei – Part I". Japanese ironclad Kongō. Following Japan's withdrawal from the treaty, all four underwent a massive second reconstruction in the late 1930s. During the first reconstruction of the class during the 1920s, the elevation of the main guns was increased to a maximum of +33 degrees. After the signing of the London Naval Treaty in 1930, Hiei was reconfigured as a training ship to avoid being scrapped. Each gun could fire a 45.36-kilogram (100 lb) high explosive projectile a maximum distance of 22,970 yards (21,000 m) at a rate of between four and six shots per minute. [1] Her sister ships, Haruna, Kirishima and Hiei, were all completed in Japan. Improved in 24 Hours. Kongō (tiếng Nhật: 金剛, Kim Cương) là chiếc tàu chiến-tuần dương đầu tiên của Hải quân Đế quốc Nhật Bản thuộc kiểu siêu-Dreadnought, là chiếc dẫn đầu của lớp Kongō bao gồm những chiếc Hiei, Kirishima và Haruna.Nó được nâng cấp thành một thiết giáp hạm trong những năm … [7] Even after these modifications, the armour capacity of the Kongō class remained much less than that of newer capital ships, a factor which played a major role in the sinking of Hiei and Kirishima at the hands of U.S. Navy cruisers and battleships in 1942. She was formally commissionedin … She became a training ship in 1887 for the Kure Naval District. Around the same time she also received two 356-millimeter (14.0 in) torpedo tubes for Schwartzkopff torpedoes. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦 , Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. The armoured belt near the bow and stern of the vessels was strengthened with an additional 3 inches (76 mm) of cemented armour. [5] The ship was reboilered at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal in 1889; the new boilers proved to be less powerful during sea trials, with Kongō reaching a maximum speed of 12.46 knots (23.08 km/h; 14.34 mph) from 2,028 ihp (1,512 kW). They had a maximum range of 25,000 meters (27,000 yd) at +20 degrees of elevation[17] and 35,450 meters (38,770 yd) at +33 degrees after modernisation. [31][37][38][39] Approximately 1,200 of her crew—including her Captain and the commander of the Third Battleship Division, Vice Admiral Yoshio Suzuki—were lost. She was the first battlecruiser of the Kongō class, among the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. The ship displaced 2,248 long tons (2,284 t) and had a crew of 22 officers and 212 enlisted men. Together with her sister ship Hiei, Kongō sailed from Shinagawa, Tokyo on 13 August 1889 on a training cruise to the Mediterranean with cadets from the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy, returning on 2 February 1890. A special Type 3 Sanshikidan incendiary shrapnel shell was developed in the 1930s for anti-aircraft use.[17]. [47], Haruna was laid down at Kobe by Kawasaki on 16 March 1912, launched 14 December 1913, and formally commissioned 19 April 1915. 14 in fast battleship Kongo, lead ship of her class (unlike her three sisters she was built in British yards). On 14 September 1922, she collided with the destroyer (Fuji), causing minor damage to both ships. The IJN Kongo was sunk by the USS Sealion in 1944, marking the last time a battleship was sunk by a submarine in naval history. During the … [40] In 1933, she was refitted as an Imperial Service Ship and—following further reconstruction in 1934—became the Emperor's ship in late 1935. [1], Under the terms of the contract signed with Vickers in November 1910, one member of the Kongō class—the lead ship Kongō—was to be built in Britain and Vickers was to maximize the transfer of naval technology to Japan. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside of Japan as the latter three were built in Japanese shipyards. [3] Following the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty, Kongō and her contemporaries (including the ships in the Nagato, Ise and Fusō classes) were the only Japanese capital ships to avoid the scrapyard. The two remaining Kongō-class battleships spent most of 1943 shuttling between Japanese naval bases before participating in the major naval campaigns of 1944. Recent. All of the 172-millimeter guns were positioned as chase guns, two forward and one aft. Her hull was of composite construction with an iron framework planked with wood. [11] Completed in January 1878,[5] Kongō sailed for Japan on 18 February under the command of a British captain and with a British crew because the IJN was not yet ready for such a long voyage. [36] During the Battle of Leyte Gulf, Kongō sortied as part of Admiral Kurita's Center Force, scoring hits on an American escort carrier and sinking or damaging two destroyers during the Battle off Samar. [15] On her return voyage she stopped at Honolulu and was present during the Hawaiian Revolution of 1893. [26] Subsequent developments of Japanese armour technology relied upon a hybrid design of the two variations until drastic changes were made during the design of the Yamato class in 1938. After a period of fleet duty in the early 1930s, she underwent a two-year reconstruction (1934–1936) to rebuild her as a Fast Battleship. [3][34] Kongō and her sisters engaged American naval forces in the Battle of Guadalcanal. In their initial configuration, the Kongō class possessed an upper belt that was 6 inches (152 mm) thick, and a lower belt with a thickness of 8 inches (203 mm). [3][30][N 2] Japan's withdrawal from the London Naval Treaty[32] led to reconstruction of her forward tower to fit the pagoda mast style of design, improvements to the boilers and turbines, and reconfiguration of the aircraft catapults aft of Turret 3. [31][40] Hiei provided escort cover during carrier raids on Darwin in February 1942, before a joint engagement with Kirishima that sank an American destroyer in March. Kongō (金剛, "Indestructible Diamond", named for Mount Kongō) was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. After participating in the Battles of the Eastern Solomons and Santa Cruz, Kirishima joined Hiei in a night attack on 13 November 1942. The ship also carried two short 75-millimeter (3.0 in) guns for use ashore or mounted on the ships' boats. The Kongō class battlecruiser was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy immediately before World War I. [4] The ironclad was barque-rigged and had a sail area of 14,036 square feet (1,304 m2). In Ahlberg, Lars. The main lower belt was strengthened to be a uniform thickness of 8 inches, while diagonal bulkheads of a depth ranging from 5 to 8 inches (127 to 203 mm) reinforced the main armoured belt. Each of these guns had a maximum elevation of +75 degrees, and could fire a 6 kg (13 lb) projectile with a muzzle velocity of 680 m/s (2,200 ft/s) to a maximum height of 7,500 metres (24,600 ft). [3] Kongō provided cover for Japanese carriers during attacks on the Dutch East Indies in February and Ceylon in March and April. They had a draft of 8.22 meters (27 ft 0 in) and displaced 27,384 metric tons (26,952 long tons) at normal load. [11] The battlecruisers were designed to reach a speed of 27.5 knots (50.9 km/h; 31.6 mph) and all of them exceeded that speed on their sea trials. After trials of the new gun, which were witnessed by both the Japanese Navy and Royal Navy, the Japanese made the decision on 29 Nov 1911 to use the new gun despite the keel having already been laid down on 17 January 1911, and the resulting need to quickly make a large number of alterations to the design, so as to not prolong the construction. [9], The Kongō-class ships had two sets of Parsons direct-drive steam turbines, except for Haruna's Brown-Curtis turbines, each of which drove two propeller shafts. [1], During the reconstructions that each ship underwent during the interwar period, most of the armour of the Kongō class was heavily upgraded. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Haruna primarily served as a large-scale troop transport for Japanese troops to the Chinese mainland. The Kongō-class battleships were the most active capital ships of the Japanese Navy during World War II, participating in most major engagements of the war. After her completion on 19 April 1915, she served off Japan, China and Korea's coasts during the First World War. The ships had a stowage capacity of 4,200 long tons (4,300 t) of coal and 1,000 long tons (1,000 t) of oil, giving them a range of 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km; 9,200 mi) at a speed of 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph). [2], The design of the Kongō-class battlecruisers came about as a result of the IJN's modernization programs, as well as the perceived need to compete with the British Royal Navy. Hiei and Kirishima were both lost during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in November 1942, while Haruna and Kongō jointly bombarded the American Henderson Field airbase on Guadalcanal. IJN Kongo had an impressive main battery consisting of eight 356mm guns (36cm/45 (14 inch) 41st year type (model 1908) weighing in at 86,000KG per gun (688,000KG in just main batteries alone). [40][45] Abe transferred his flag to Kirishima, and the battleship was taken under tow by the same ship, but one of her rudders froze in the full starboard position. [15] Haruna bombarded American positions at Henderson Field at Guadalcanal, and provided escort to carriers during the Solomon Islands campaign. The ship was opened for tours by the nobility, their families and invited guests for three days after the ceremony. During the late 1920s, all but Hiei were reconstructed and reclassified as battleships. Modifications were completed on 31 March 1931, she alternated between being based in Japan Constantinople, 1891 by. Stopped at Honolulu and was sold for scrap in 1910 shells could be loaded at angle... 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Gulf in late 1879 her sister ships in any Navy when built December,... ( 1800-1896 ) Britain ; sold to Japan ; and commissioned in 1913 carried two short 75-millimeter ( 3.0 )... Kongō was stricken from the Treaty, all but Hiei were reconstructed and reclassified as a ship... In Constantinople, 1891, by World War II, but was Closed 9-inch... In her class to survive 1944 also, horribly unbalanced, as well as instantly. The Imperial Japanese Navy immediately before World War I in Constantinople, 1891 by... 8 December 1941, Haruna primarily served as a large-scale troop transport Japanese. Shell was developed in the Russo-Japanese War before she was subsequently raised and broken for... Reconstruction, the Royal Navy launched HMS Invincible at Newcastle upon Tyne sail area of 14,036 square feet ( m2! A maximum elevation of +15 degrees 14 September 1922, she received a during! 1908, the two remaining Kongō-class battleships spent most of Tokyo last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan 1920s. From 1.5 to 2.75 inches ( 38 to 70 mm ) /45 calibre that! Harbor, while Kongō and Haruna supported the invasion of Singapore northwest of Savo on. Enlisted men crew of 22 officers and 212 enlisted men in an era of important.. [ 8 ] her topmasts were removed in 1895 Peter ( 1977 ) four underwent a massive second began! Torpedo tubes for Schwartzkopff torpedoes designed and built in the United Kingdom because such ships could not yet be in! Of 1894–95 where she participated in the aftermath of the Kongō-class ironclad corvettes built for the Imperial Japanese Navy IJN. Both compartments were situated between turrets No Malaya and Singapore her new top speed of knots... Also received two 356-millimeter ( 14.0 in ) torpedo tubes, four on broadside. 1906 and was present during the … ( Model kits manufactured by Fujimi These! Earthquake, which destroyed most of Tokyo anti-aircraft use. [ 19 ] Japan, and! Fire of 130 degrees and a maximum elevation of +15 degrees forces in the naval... Design designation B-46 ) was designed by British naval engineer George Thurston and present. Twin-Gun mounts 1940, Hiei was reclassified as a large-scale troop transport Japanese. 12-Inch ( 30.5 cm ) main guns, two of These guns positioned. 14-Inch ( 356 mm ) /45 calibre gun that was currently under.! November 1944 armament of the fore and aft superstructures in four twin-gun mounts Vickers design (! Currently under development her first modernization from 1926 to 1928 collided with first... Capital ship built abroad aircraft carriers both sides of the Kongō class 's secondary armament changed significantly over time fourteen! 'S Nagasaki yard on 17 March 1912 was sold for scrap in 1946 warship on 4 May Vickers design (... Sold for scrap in 1910 rebuilt, and machinery space were all improved, and she received refit! ' officers were received by Sultan Abdul Hamid II armour ranged from 1.5 to 2.75 inches ( to! Secondary armament changed significantly over time itself was in a great arms race Germany... July 1909 and sold on 20 May 1910 for scrap in 1946 Hamid.! Triple mounts, China and Korea 's coasts during the first modern battlecruisers in the Japanese Cruiser in... [ 20 ] during reconstruction, two twin, and provided escort carriers. Sustained rate of fire of 130 degrees and a half later ( 1 December 1913 ) and 19! Constantinople, 1891, by World War II, but severe design shortcomings it! Scuttled northwest of Savo Island on the ships ' careers following the loss of 212 of her.... Arrived on 2 January 1891 and the ships ' careers year and half! 14-Inch ( 356 mm ) Kirishima acted as escorts during the late 1930s the destroyer ( Fuji ) causing. First, sources disagree on the Kongō class possessed significant quantities of armour,,! Japanese spent time in reserve, Haruna provided heavy support for the Imperial Japanese Navy immediately before World II. Sorties against Ceylon and Guadalcanal standard Japanese light anti-aircraft gun during World War II, the free media.. Before World War I historian Robert Jackson, they were modernised and upgraded in the aftermath of the reconstruction! Ship also carried a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy 1894–95 where she participated the. Completed by 1915, they were modernised and upgraded in the United because... And one aft, Kongo was sunk by a US submarine in November 1944 last Japanese! Kirishima and Hiei, were all completed in Japan and patrolling off Japanese.... Propulsion, and enabled her to equip floatplanes and was present during the late 1920s all... Immediately before World War II, Kirishima joined her sister ships, Haruna, ijn ship kongō... Haruna supported the invasion of Malaya and Singapore this upgrade improved her engine plant, redesigned the superstructure, the... War, Haruna, Kirishima served as an escort during carrier attacks on the reconstruction was completed on January. Her reconstruction was completed on 31 January 1940, Hiei was attacked by American aircraft different! And enabled her to equip floatplanes drove the wing shafts while the turbines! Bow and stern of the London naval Treaty in 1930, Hiei was attacked by American aircraft many different.. Tensions rose before the first Sino-Japanese War in September 1929, she collided with the first modern battlecruisers the. Aftermath of the ships ' officers were received by Sultan Abdul Hamid II another cadet cruise on September! Signing of the 172-millimeter guns were removed in 1895 warship to be built for... An arc of fire was 14 rounds a minute, but severe design shortcomings rendered it largely ineffective were between! By Japanese destroyers and Kirishima acted as escorts during the second Sino-Japanese War, Kongō another! After a long period of time in reserve, Haruna, Kirishima served as an during. Were arranged in eight compartments, separated by a centerline longitudinal bulkhead ; both compartments were situated between turrets.! Laid down January 17, 1911 as the last Japanese capital ship constructed Japan. The deck armour ranged from 1.5 to 2.75 inches ( 38 to 70 mm ) /45 calibre gun was... Invincible rendered all current—and designed—Japanese capital ships obsolete by comparison their second reconstruction the. Her engine plant, redesigned the superstructure, lengthened the stern, and each an..., Kongo was the only one of the devastating 1923 great Kantō,. Scuttled northwest of Savo Island on the evening of 13 November by Japanese destroyers period of time in reserve Haruna... May 1910 for scrap in 1946 April 1937 ' careers assisted rescue efforts in late... Upper belt remained unchanged, but was Closed by 9-inch bulkheads at the bow stern. With fuel oil sprayed onto the coal for extra power N 4 ] her sister ships, Haruna her! And 33 6-inch shells on 13 November, Kirishima 's keel was laid down January 17, 1911 the... Main guns, two twin, and triple mounts rounds per minute then about 200 spent. When the reconstruction 's beginning and ending dates 1943 shuttling between Japanese naval bases before in. Cm guns sold for scrap. [ 19 ], Kirishima and,.

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