Trees can take a very long time to respond to applied fertilizers, and a good example is shown for the response of lychee to nitrogen (N). In controlled tests, growers determined that pruning a lychee tree at harvest or within two weeks of harvest will create a perfectly timed, excellent crop. Lychee trees grow best in sandy slightly acidic soils. Twenty to 50% of the nitrogen should be in organic form. If a young tree is not growing fast enough, you may need to add fertilizer despite its age. Lychee trees (Litchi chinensis), growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 10 and 11, are very sensitive to root burn in their early years. Description The lychee tree is handsome, dense, round-topped, slow-growing, 30 to 100 ft (9-30 m) high and equally broad. Lychee is a tropical broadleaf evergreen tree native to China, where it grows in a warm, wet climate. Your plant will be content and productive near a window that receives a lot of light. Now that you know that your tree needs fertilizer, and have picked the perfect fertilizer to use, you’ll need to determine the correct amount to use on each tree. Aug 13, 2016 - How to Fertilize Lychee Trees. When pruning a lychee tree, always use clean, sharp tools to avoid the spread of disease. Heavy lychee tree pruning is only ever done on young, immature trees to shape, or old mature trees to rejuvenate. Fertilizer Lychee Trees Lemon For Trees What Use read and rate the best solutions below by giving them a “thumbs up”. Since lychee growers believed that phosphate fertilizer stimulates tree flowering high P formulae are frequently used. Leach the soil regularly in the Southwest. When grown from seed, lychee trees reach mature size at about four years old and do not produce fruit until they are about five. Lychee trees grown from seed don't grow true to the parent tree and take 10 to 25 years or more to produce fruits. As mentioned, lychee trees need to be protected from wind. Add coarse river sand or perlite in the soil if it is clay. This is pruning usually done around harvest. The lychee is an evergreen tree which grows to heights of more than 20 m. The lychee fruit is a drupe, 3–4 cm long and 3 cm in diameter, covered by a pink/red roughly textured rind which covers an inside layer of sweet and sour, translucent white flesh which surrounds the inner seed. We have observed numerous examples of people applying a heavy fertilizer to a tree only to watch it die after a heavy rain. Learn how to cut back a lychee tree here. 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Be very, very careful with fertilizing young lychees. Thx, Thx for ur input. Re: Fertilizer for small lychee and mango?? These trees need not be fertilized at the time of planting, and subsequent applications on … ", Login with username, password and session length, Looking for the best way to start them off I'm trying a few things 1-0-22 with seaweed and iron added does this sound right for 1 yr old trees??? Yea they are in ground in really trying to promote good root growth while they are young. A newly planted tree will also require regular watering for at least the first two years of establishment. However, lychee has been grown and cultivated for thousands of years in subtropical regions of Asia and is becoming popular in suitable areas in the U.S. If you wish to add topsoil or compost This is very much feasible due to the fact that Lychee tree bears fruits only after 5 to 6 years of planting. Air-Layered Trees Most lychee trees are reproduced by air-laying. I have tried various fertilizers without success. How long a tree has been growing makes a big difference in fertilizer. For younger trees, use 10% of the full amount per year of age. The lychee tree needs a free-draining, nutrition rich slightly acidic soil (pH of 6.5). For those of us who did not excel in math—fear not—we will walk you through the fertilizer calculations. Brazilian soils are, usually, of low fertility. The soil should also drain well. The tree will die in excessively wet soil for long time so the soil should be sandy. "All discussion content within the forum reflects the views of individual participants only and do not necessarily represent the views held by the Tropical Fruit Forum as an organization. the lychee tree came in. Reduce fertilizer in the winter season. An established tree needs at least 2Kg of 8:4:10 per year, and at least some of this needs to be synthetic as manure does not have much potassium in it. Enrich the soil with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. This work followed on from the nutrient surveys. You can instead focus on weed control and providing adequate moisture. I used cypress mulch shouldn't be any problems with that right? It took four years without N fertilizer to show significant reductions in yield of cultivar Bengal in southern Queensland compared with fertilized trees. While they are still young, lychee trees are pruned regularly to promote a full, rounded shape. Citrus trees/plants need adequate amounts of essential nutrients to develop strong root systems, maintain overall tree health and produce high yielding, high-quality fruit. http://dynamiteplantfood.com/products.html, Quote from: Eekler81 tropical trail on June 21, 2012, 02:43:04 PM, Quote from: bsbullie on June 21, 2012, 04:02:02 PM, Quote from: HMHausman on June 21, 2012, 05:13:22 PM, Quote from: Eekler81 tropical trail on June 22, 2012, 05:04:42 PM, USA, Fort Lauderdale, Broward County, Florida, Zone 10B. As the clusters of ripened fruits are harvested, lychee growers simply snip off about 4 inches (10 cm.) The giveaway to a fertilizer death is a sudden … Acidic soil – For the best results, your Litchi tree needs acidic soil. If a tree is about 1 to 2 years old when planted, you can probably withhold fertilizing for a few years. The optimal fertilizer that can be used over Lychee trees is a time-release fertilizer. Choose a sunny spot with well drained soil. While the trees will tolerate slightly water logged soil and light flooding for short periods, continual standing water is a no-no. Lychee growers recommend sealing large open cuts with pruning sealer or latex paint to avoid the risk of pests. My very limited experience with fertilizing lychee tree is different than most...I'm one of those that fertilize my Lychee tree every 4-6 weeks except in the winter. Sandy soils with low organic matter content are suitable if sufficient fertilizers are supplied. The litchi tree in containers is not usually required for fertilizer. My lychee tree has not fruited since Wilma. My very limited experience with fertilizing lychee tree is different than most...I'm one of those that fertilize my Lychee tree every 4-6 weeks except in the winter. However, time-release fertilizer releases nutrients only when the pellets are exposed to water. Apply the synthetic fertiliser (say, 2Kg) in spring and the manure (say, 5Kg) in autumn (so that, after breakdown, it is available to the plant from spring onwards). In fact, placing topsoil or compost in the hole first and then planting on top of it is not desirable. Add cow manure or compost in the soil to make it nutrients rich. Lychee trees (Litchi chinensis), growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 10 and 11, are very sensitive to root burn in their early years. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! The fertilizer has a 5-5-2 NPK ratio (Nitrogen-Phosphorus-Potassium), and its nutritional benefits don’t stop there. Anyway I use half the amount they say to use on the trees     Also have a 20+yr old avocado tree started from seed no avocados thinking of using it as a rootstock and adding 3-4 different types to the stump after I cut it back any advice on multiple varieties on one rootstock? As lychee trees get up there in age, they may begin to produce less and less fruit. Its evergreen leaves, 5 to 8 in (12.5-20 cm) long, are pinnate, having 4 to 8 alternate, elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, abruptly pointed, leaflets, somewhat leathery, smooth, glossy, dark-green on the upper surface and grayish-green beneath, and 2 to 3 in (5-7.5 cm) long. I also wanted to mention that I add a few inches of layer of Pine Bark Nuggets/Mulch...this is very important to keep the soil from drying out quickly, helps to keep the soil moist. The lychee is a subtropical fruit tree that's as beautiful as it is delicious. Lychee Tree Care How To Grow Lychee Fruit In The Landscape. Adding organic matter to sandy soils is extremely important for best growth and fruit production. Trees grow well in the muck soils, but usually do not fruit well because of excessive vegetative (shoot and leaf) growth. Up to 10-12 kg per tree per year seems to be common. Properly timed lychee tree pruning can help them produce steadier, higher fruit yields. Fertilizer. For my tree I use Miracle Grow all purpose (the blue powder than you mix with water) I only use half of the recommended amount and I add a couple of tsp. And lots and lots of water. They do not have any natural rest during the winter. The Internet's Finest Tropical Fruit Discussion Forum! Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. I think the key to fertilizing Lychee trees is the amount that you use and the type of fertilizer. Although lychee is grown commercially in Florida, it is a rare plant to find in the United States where they are considered high maintenance and inconsistent in fruit production. Ample sunlight – Make sure your Litchi tree has a spot where it can get as much sunlight as possible. Use a potting mix with a pH of 6.5 which is perfect for lychees. You lychees also need a good foliar spray in addition to granular as at times their root system has trouble with the uptake of the nutrients. Trees grow best in well-drained soils. The common NPK+Mg formulae used are 8:24:24, 9:25:25, 15:15:15, 16:16:16, 25:7:7, 13:13:21, and 12:12:17+2. Less is more. Also you can use a small amount of Milorgonite fertilizer sprinkled along the drip line... which is also non-burning or anything that is slow release...making sure you don't use too much...LESS is MORE. Annual lychee tree pruning is done as the fruit is being harvested, or shortly thereafter. Of the soils of southern Florida, lychee trees grow best in acid sands with moderate organic matter content. They need lots of water much more than they need lots of fertilizer. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Sign up for our newsletter. If that is too expensive, home Depot carries a Chelated Citrus product made by Southern Ag. PDF Lychee Growing in the Florida Home Landscape . of the branch tip that bore the fruit. Select branches are pruned from the center of young trees to open up the canopy to good air flow and reduce wind damage. This fertilizer has an 8-3-9 nutrient ratio fertilizer and is specially formulated for citrus and trees. It is good to use organic fertilizers like kelp and fish emulsions. Rotate your container grown Litchi to make sure it gets even light too.. Regular bulk fertilizers may completely dissolve into the soil after a heavy rain leading to burning of the root system and death of the tree. I think the key to fertilizing Lychee trees is the amount that you use and the type of fertilizer. Root burn from over fertilization can happen in the blink of an eye and you will have a dead tree. While shade might not kill a lychee tree, it will completely stop it from growing. Fertilizer program for lychee Fertilizer application amounts for establishing lychee trees Tree age (years) ounces grams 1 1.1 30 2 1.4 40 3 2.1 60 4 2.8 80 Apply the amounts of fertilizer listed above in the months indicated Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec U U U U U U C+ C+ . Seed grown trees will not be identical to the fruiting tree . Fertilizer mixtures containing 6 to 8% nitrogen, 2 to 4% available phosphorus, 6 to 8% potash, and 3 to 4% magnesium are satisfactory. Other than minor maintenance, lychee tree care is fairly minimal … Many growers have found that they can get a few more fruit bearing years from old lychee trees from doing some rejuvenation pruning. Use of foliar fertilizers is not only as a soil supplement, but also regulates tree growth and development. NPK fertilizers, if misapplied (which is very easy) can burn your lychee tree (s) roots and cause soil particle aggregation, which, over time, negatively affects water drainage and impedes the microenvironments where essential soil food web organisms thrive. This pruning practice on lychee trees ensures that a new fruiting branch tip will form in the same spot for the next crop. https://www.amazon.com/shop/pepesfruittrees Looking for starter fruit trees? Lychee trees prefer adequate and regular water throughout the year. Although grown commercially for its fruit, in landscape use it is often used as a shade tree or a specimen fruit tree. I cant seem to find anything for the Brewster lychee so i went to an upscale hydro store which carry all kinds of ferts but can't/won't spend 50+$ on a gallon of anything unless it's good whiskey. Keep the lychee tree in full sun. Properly timed lychee tree pruning can help them produce steadier, higher fruit yields. If it hadn't rained in a while sometimes it was hard to relate the cause of death to the act of fertilizing. The lychee bears small, dimpled fleshy fruit with a light, perfume-like flavor. Young trees should be protected by using a wind screen around them. How to plant litchi lychee trees in sandy soil. When to prune lychee is important for ensuring a good crop. It is not necessary to apply fertilizer, topsoil, or compost to the hole. Lychee Tree Care. Need some gardening supplies? Lychee trees are subtropical broadleaf evergreens that produce a sweet, exotic edible fruit. Proper pruning will also mitigate wind damage. In summer, these evergreen trees produce juicy, bright pink–red fruits with a sweet, yet slightly acidic, flavor. Lychee may be grown on the rocky, calcareous soils of the southeast coast but require special care to prevent minor element deficiencies. What do you recommend? Continue reading to learn to cut back a lychee tree. 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