When the Spanish (in the form of Columbus's expedition) came to the Caribbean in the late 15th century, they were coming for "gold, God, and glory." Taino, Arawakan-speaking people who at the time of Columbus’s exploration inhabited what are now Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The Netherlands became part of the Spanish Empire in 1517 when a Dutch prince became ruler of Spain. The typical answer given for this is “God, gold, and glory.” The Spaniards wanted to find things to make them rich. http://springerhistory.weebly.com/unit-2-age-of-explorati... What are some questions that I could ask in an interview with someone [not white], regarding the Separate Amenities Act during apartheid? They wanted to … Code Of Hammurabi Laws Compared To Today's Laws. The text is divided into six parts: a background review of archaeology and historiography, the period of colonial encounter, the pre-Colombian migration of village farmers, the Taino (or Arawak) on the eve of the Spanish conquest, the Island Carib of the Lesser Antilles, and finally, three short essays on contemporary Caribbean indigeneity. That left them with the ability to use their resources for something other than fighting the Muslims. Already a member? Columbus and crew met friendly people there – the Taino, an Arawak people who lived across some of the Caribbean. In part, this is due to geography. And they were important for the other countries that wanted to try to capture the shipments. The arrival of Europeans proved disastrous for the people of the Caribbean. They came in search of gold. After unsuccessful experiments with growing tobacco, the English colonists tried growing sugarcane in the Caribbean. First, the islands came to be used for growing sugar. Colombus was leading a Spanish expedition that led the way for much future colonization, especially in the Caribbean region, and both North and South America. In Chad there are reported to be 200 different and distinct ethnic groups. The story of the Arawaks, the Caribs and the Spaniards is a well known tale told to every Caribbean child.We all, from the least educated to the most widely read, accept it almost instinctively that there were, before the Europeans landed on these our islands, a peaceful and gentle tribe of Amerindians called the Arawaks who had inhabited the entire Caribbean archipelago. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. . Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. There are a number of ways that you could look at this question. The Spanish considered region of the Caribbean Islands, from the Isthmus of Panama to the mouth of the Orinoco River, as their own treasure house. How Has The Renaissance Influenced Modern Society. So the islands were important for Spain to help defend these shipments (and the mainland itself). The Governor in 1702 reported that the total number of inhabitants, that is, Spaniards, did not exceed 60 (probably households). How were they different? The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean: the Spanish Portuguese Jewish settlements in the Caribbean and the Guianas Occasionally one comes across a book, which is unexpected, delights and inspires. This meant that the major islands of the Caribbean – the Greater Antilles – were already Spanish possessions when the British began their involvement with the Caribbean in the early 17th century. In 1518 the first African slaves, called ladinos because they had lived in Spain and spoke the Castilian language, were introduced to the Caribbean to help mitigate the labor shortage. Instead, the Europeans tried growing different crops to be sold back home. Others died of diseases to which they had no immunity. Why is the Battle of Saratoga considered a turning point in the American Revolution. The Spaniards who came were baptised Roman Catholics. In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. . The same thing happened with the English as they began to establish their own trade routes once the colonies started to build a trade economy. Conquistadors came from all over Europe. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. They were traded to become slaves to work on the sugar cane plantations across the Caribbean region. The resources that were found in the Caribbean were nowhere compared to those found by Hernan Cortez, but the availabilty of three different bodies of water (Caribbean Sea, Pacific Ocean, and Atlantic Ocean) surrounding these islands definitely proved beneficial for the establishment of new trade routes. And the Christians, with their horses and swords and pikes began to carry out massacres and strange cruelties against them. Columbus first landed on the southeast of the Bahamas Islands called the Lucayos or (Leeward Islets) by the Spanish. Some were German, Greek, Flemish, and so on, but most of them came from Spain, particularly southern and southwestern Spain. Second, the question asks why the Spaniards, rather than some other country, came to the Caribbean. j. According to the governor there were also about 1,500 native people on the missions and encomiendas (estates with indigenous labour – … Spain settled in the Caribbean, as previously noted, early in the 1500's and continued to expand its empire throughout North, South, and Central America. The Europeans came to the Caribbean in search of wealth. One reason for this is that maritime technology was not as good in previous centuries. They wanted gold and spices and other valuable things. Following HERNÁN CORTES’ conquest of Mexico in 1521, Spaniards began leaving the Antilles in throngs. Already a member? The very high-born rarely needed to set off in search of adventure. The history of the Caribbean reveals the significant role the region played in the colonial struggles of the European powers since the 15th century. Although Christianizing the heathen has long been used as an excuse to eradicate native beliefs, the driving force behind Spain's rapid expansion throughout the Americas was indeed gold, after the early Spanish explorers came upon Incan Civilization with its golden artifacts. England, which had been at war with Spain, began to infiltrate Spanish outposts, and actually attempted a small settlement in Central America to counter the Spanish influence there in the late 1500's. Sign up now, Latest answer posted September 11, 2017 at 9:04:24 AM, Latest answer posted February 13, 2012 at 6:44:08 AM, Latest answer posted December 13, 2012 at 6:18:12 PM, Latest answer posted December 04, 2010 at 4:53:55 AM, Latest answer posted September 10, 2016 at 4:32:02 PM. 2. What were some similarities and differences between the French and the Spanish colonies in the Americas? In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the community had prospered and started to move out of the city centre and in the then newly developed suburb of Woodbrook. Many died in one-sided armed conflict with soldiers and settlers, or in forced servitude in mines and on plantations. The Spaniards wanted to increase Spain’s power and glory by giving it an empire and they wanted the personal glory of “discovering” new places. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The early period of English settlement in Jamaica, drew much attention to the buccaneers based at Port Royal. The Spanish came to America to spread the Christian faith and to expand trade. From my knowledge they did not come willfully. Lawrence: “European peoples came to the Caribbean, suffered great hardships, invested their money over the centuries, peopled the place with Africans, Indians and … The lack of technology would have made long ocean voyages much harder in the past. Top subjects are History, Science, and Literature. In 1492 he made a first landing on Hispaniola and claimed it for the Spanish crown as he did on Cuba. Spain, under the ruling of the Kings of Castille and Aragon (Fernando and Isabel) was responsible for affronting the money to Cristopher Columbus in the expedition that came to be known as "the discovery of America". Top subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences. The main ethnic groups are the Sara people in the South and the Nomads in the North. Let us give a brief answer to each. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511. h. The ‘Indians’ were regarded as free persons by the Spanish Crown. After the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, England gained and maintained the upper hand as the world's sea power for about 300 years. Although Jamaica was discovered in 1494, the first set of Spanish settlers came to Jamaica in 1509. The Spanish and English (and French and Dutch) competed for these islands. Columbus returned home to Spain and came back to the Caribbean with 17 ships and 1,200 men. In addition to the answers provided to you previously, these are other reasons why the Caribbean was a good place to anchor a good part of their presence. Sign up now, Latest answer posted March 16, 2012 at 7:53:01 AM, Latest answer posted February 04, 2010 at 7:55:40 AM, Latest answer posted June 06, 2009 at 10:51:40 PM, Latest answer posted October 31, 2020 at 12:45:12 PM, Latest answer posted November 08, 2019 at 1:04:17 AM. As the 20th century came to a close, Tony Sabga developed his father's small business into one of the foremost conglomerates not merely in Trinidad and Tobago, but in fact in the Caribbean. Top subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences. It was this set of freed slaves and their descendants who became known as the Maroons. Throughout most of their colonial history, sugar was the main crop of the Caribbean and it made the islands very rich sources of income for the mother countries. There was silver, in Mexico and Peru and it had to get shipped to Spain each year. The Carib people spoke an Arawakan language. The Spanish administrative structure that prevailed for the 132 years of Spanish monopoly in … The Spanish missionary Bartolomé de Las Casas’s intervention to prevent the genocide of the Indian population came too late to save the Taino, although it did lead to the introduction of enslaved Africans in the early 16th century, a solution to the Spaniards’ labour problem that Las Casas had suggested. The islands were also important because of how rich the mainland of Spanish America was. Within 20 years, it is estimated that native population of Hispaniola dropped from one million to 30,000. Sadly, much of these were melted down and shipped to Spain. Thererafter, when the limited supply of gold is exhausted, the Spanish West Indies survive as part of the broader economy of Spanish America. Chad is a landlocked country in Africa. For in the beginning the Indians regarded the Spaniards as angels from Heaven. The natives of the islands are put to work as slaves in the mines. What are the differences between the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire? The typical answer given for this is “God, gold, and glory.” … i. When the Spanish (in the form of Columbus's expedition) came to the Caribbean in the late 15th century, they were coming for "gold, God, and glory." The natives fared badly. More important, perhaps, was the fact that the Spanish had finally expelled the Muslims from Spain by the late 15th century. Second, Spain was just lucky. As more settlers came in, there were a few other reasons for settlement. Only after the Spaniards had used violence against them, killing, robbing, torturing, did the Indians ever rise up against them. The Spanish colonization of America was started by the Spanish conquistadors. Aware of other islands, Columbus and crew left Guanahani late on August 14 and journeyed for three months, including to a larger island they called Hispaniola , still believing they were in … Are you a teacher? There are competing theories as to what actually were the main push and pull factors that caused the Tainos to migrate from their original homelands in northern South America. Many parts of the Americas soon came to be under the rule of Europeans, resulting in large migrations, exchange of goods, and contagious diseases. Are you a teacher? How were the Indian Ocean routes and Silk routes similar? Controlling the islands in the Caribbean, of course, allowed for a base of operations and helped safeguard Spanish shipments of precious metals back to the Old World. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Spanish had originally looked for gold and silver, but there was little to be found. First Peoples Of The Caribbean. The conquistadors typically came from families ranging from the poor to the lower nobility. Once the most numerous indigenous people of the Caribbean, the Taino may have numbered one or two million at the time of the Spanish … We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! How did the Crusades increase European interest in trade? Top subjects are Literature, Social Sciences, and Business. It was the point of departure for enormous wealth from the 16th to the 18th century. The Dutch thus had a legitimate right to be in the Caribbean. Finally, the question asks why it was the 16th century when the Spaniards came. In what ways did corruption occur the Catholic Church at the end of the Middle Ages? The first Spanish colonists in the Caribbean, in the 16th century, have hoped primarily to grow rich by finding gold. Long before his arrival, those islands were known as Guanahaní by the native Arawakan-speaking Taino who were the first group to … About the same time, the Crown decided to promote the sugar industry on the Caribbean islands instead of mining. It is also positioned in such a way that its sailors were likely to explore the Atlantic rather than the Mediterranean. This began the iconographic era of piracy, which lasted until the late 1700's. As far as the Antilles, their strategic position was prime for trade, natural resources, the creation of forts, defense, and war strategies. It went through the Caribbean to get there. g. Several Caribbean countries have stopped celebrating the ‘discovery’ of their land by Columbus. That region is also known as the Spanish Main. Columbus had two goals in the Caribbean: to find gold and slaves. The Taínos were present throughout the Caribbean islands from approximately 1200 to 1500 A.D., and when Christopher Columbus arrived in the region, the Taínos were the indigenous group he encountered. The Spanish West Indies or the Spanish Antilles (also known as "Las Antillas Occidentales" or simply "Las Antillas Españolas" in Spanish) were Spanish colonies in the Caribbean.In terms of governance of the Spanish Empire, The Indies was the designation for all its overseas territories and was overseen by the Council of the Indies, founded in 1524 and based in Spain. Finally, they wanted to bring Christianity to people who did not know God. Africans were traded from their home villages to slave masters for goods. Spain is geographically well-positioned to be a maritime country. The Spaniards surrendered to the English, freed their slaves and then fled to Cuba. f. Norms and customs associated with European society and culture prevail in the contemporary Caribbean. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. The Spaniards settled first on the island of Hispaniola and later moved on to Cuba, Puerto Rico, … They wanted to get rich by finding gold, they wanted to spread Christianity, and they wanted to get glory (the glory of finding new things). Log in here. Their arrival bought about the introduction of the Roman Catholic faith to the Caribbean and indoctrination of all those who were under their rule. Fled to Cuba be used for growing sugar the buccaneers based at Port Royal region played in the Caribbean was... Occur the Catholic Church at the end of the Middle Ages they were from! Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is by... 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