(c) produce more fuel than they consume Plutonium is produced (c) 2000 (d) lower temperature and pressure condi-tions (a) 20 (b) gas cooled Ans: c, 84. (c) a, P, and y rays (b) pallets (d) multi pass system (d) 2 — neutrons The main interest of shielding in nuclear reactor is protection against (b) the basic fuel for nuclear paints Ans: b, 31. This article examines the history of the fast breeder reactor as a forerunner technology in three Western nuclear nations-the United States, the United Kingdom, and France-to clarify just how this charismatic technology changed the nuclear landscape. Received April 2, 2009; accepted April 9, 2009. up to 35% of some research projects were funded by EURATOM. (d) Baraeilly (d) liquid metal cooled Germany, Italy, Sweden and Switzerland. He did not discuss whether any steps were being taken to dismantle the fissile material production infrastructure in China or limit China's ability to restart production. A fast breeder reactor is a small vessel in which the required quantity (correspond­ing to critical mass) of enriched uranium or plutonium is kept without a moderator. (b) fission (b) lead and tin (e) none of the above. (a) high energy (fast) neutrons alone Because nuclear energy is an established technology (unlike many of the proposed technical fixes for our global environmental and resource problems), there is a factual basis for the discussion of these factors. Recently, the old idea of breeding in advanced pressurized water reactors (PWRs) has been taken up again with the objective of attaining a gain of 0.05. Ans: c, 14. Which of the following type of pump is used in liquid metal cooled reactor for circulation of liquid metal (d) it produces no power (d) freon (a) higher cost of nuclear fuel Sources: CEA, WISE-Paris. Fast breeder reactors which use uranium-238 as fuel and thermal breeder reactors which use thorium-232 as fuel. Ans: c, 58. (c) heavy water is used as the moderator Which of the following can be used as a coolant in nuclear plant (e) there is no such unit. Ans: e, 9. (c) heavy water (e) higher/lower depending on the size of reactor. (b) ferrite rod (e) blanket of thorium. Superph enix ́ operational and administrative history, Source: IAEA, Fast Reactor Database 2006 Update. A fast breeder reactor uses following as fuel (b) less The so-called $$3+1$$ scenario is considered for active-sterile neutrino mixing, which leads to projected exclusion curves in the sterile neutrino mass and mixing angle plane. In addition, the thermal-hydraulic boundary conditions used in the CFD simulations, such as the sodium mass flow rate through the bundle, are also automatically adjusted to account for the deformation.Study cases consisting of bundles of 7 and 19 wire-wrapped fuel pins, with geometrical characteristics and boundary conditions representative of fourth generation SFRs, were analyzed in order to gain insight on the effects of the coupling. upgrades between 1997 and 2003 (see Figure 5). (c) equal to zero Hence a fast reactor usually uses plutonium as its basic fuel, since it fissions sufficiently with fast neutrons to keep going. (b) to use liquid sodium metal as coolant (c) deuterium Ans: a, 36. Ans: c, 79. (d) is a good conductor Edge effects are not found to have an important impact on the dynamic behaviours of the system. electronics, robotics), new social expectations, political priorities, and cost constraints making a virtue of necessity. (c) pressurised water (e) none of the above. (a) is lighter (b) shield the radioactivity completely (c) neutrons and electrons in an atom (b) zero From its origins in the development of nuclear weapons in the 1940s, nuclear fission power has been the most controversial of all energy sources, which makes it particularly difficult to forecast its future. Solid- fuel for nuclear reactions may be fabricated into various small shapes such as By gradually introducing LMFBRs, the cumulated uranium supplies in France can be kept within reasonable limits, which means that they attain three to four times the home resources. (e) uses pressurised water as moderator. All rights reserved. â A fast breeder reactor uses graphite rods as moderator has powerful moderator has no moderator uses ferrite material as moderator â Uranium-233 is produced as basic raw material by neutron irradiation of Uz by neutron irradiation of thorium artificially â The first unclear power plant in India is located at Kota Kalapakkam Tarapur Baraeilly PUG 1989, p. 176. An analysis of the accident concluded later: heterogeneous physical-chemical environment, complex and multiphasic made of, action and/or catalytic exothermal reactions. Uranium-233 is produced It used a Na-K eutectic alloy that was liquid at room temperature as a coolant. enix was shut down for maintenance, core re-, plutonium recycling, a good way to optimize. There are several concepts for breeder reactors; the two main ones are: Recyclage desmatì eres nucléaires— Mythes et réalités, WISE-Paris, commissioned by Greenpeace France, Mycle Schneider (Dir. This cooling poses a safety problem, particularly concerning sodium, which reacts violently with air and water. (c) exactly balanced by the loss of neutrons through leakage Ans: a, 78. (c) farads (b) low energy (slow) neutrons alone Amongst the following, the fissionable materials are The number of operating reactors continues to decline, while only one new plant is scheduled to open and it is well behind schedule and 50% over budget. Uranium-238 is a fertile isotope and will react with a fast neutron to produce more plutonium-239. (e) U-239. Materials were tested for their behavior under neutron irradiation in Har-monie starting in 1965 and breeder core configuration issues in the critical facility, Masurca, starting in 1966. 1.7K views (e) atom. Isotopes of same elements have (e) 2 x 105. (d) Pu-239 Ans: c, 35. (b) low energy (slow) neutrons alone The size of the reactor is said to be critical when Which of the following is the primary fuel In a fission process, maximum %age of energy is released as Copyright 2020 , Engineering Interview Questions.com, 300+ TOP Nuclear Power Plants Multiple Choice Questions and Answers. Calandria: (in a PHWR reactor) a cylindrical reactor vessel which contains the heavy water moderator. Ans: b, 71. Ans: d, 16. (e) equal to infinity. The coolant used in boiling water reactor is (c) same (c) the molecules rearrange themselves to form other molecules Ans: a, 4. to the First " Castaing Report, " commissioned by the Conseil Supérieur de la S ˆ Ans: b, 64. (b) electrons in me nucleus (e) activated. (a) %age of U235 has been artificially in-creased The mass number of a substance represents the sum of total number of (b) it becomes uncontrollable France is the only country in the world ever to operate a commercial scale (1,200 MWe) sodium cooled, plutonium fuelled fast breeder reactor, the Superphénix at Creys-Malville. and discharge fuel from the reactor core. Fast breeder reactor uses (c) critical atoms Ans: c, 39. A fast breeder reactor uses magazine, 19 September 1977, quoted in [F. The fuel pin bundles of Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors (SFR) undergo significant geometrical changes during their irradiation, which affect the coolant flow and temperature distributions in the fuel assemblies, the knowledge of which is essential for safety assessments. That means the neutron moderator (slowing down) in such reactors is undesirable. In February 1997, for example, a senior Chinese official confirmed to the authors that production of fissile material for nuclear weapons in China had ceased. (b) liquid metal cooled Ans: a, 20. The conclusions reached differentiate between the decentralized and liberal U.S. plutonium economy from the British and the French state-controlled economies largely serving military interests. Ans: b, 51. (c) equal to 1.0 The Experimental Breeder Reactor I, EBR-I, in the Idaho desert turned into a museum. (a) to maintain constant pressure in primary circuit under varying load (c) 10 tonnes of high grade coal Issues of New Technological Trends in Nuclear Power Plant (NPPs) for Standardized Breakdown Structure, Development of a thermal-hydraulics/thermomechanics coupling model for the evaluation of the behavior of SFR fuel assemblies under irradiation, Analysis of fluid-structure interaction in a sodium fast reactor core : experimental, theoretical and numerical evaluation of damping and frequencies, Reckless Proliferation and Guardianship Proliferation: The Fast Breeder Nuclear Reactor and the Plutonium Economy, Sensitivity to sterile neutrino mixing using reactor antineutrinos. (d) 100 tonnes of high grade coal Mythes et réalités, WISE-Paris, commissioned by Greenpeace France, May Ans: d, 65. (d) liquid sodium metal proximately 45% is one of the lowest in the world. (d) different chemical properties and same atomic numbers Boiling water reactor uses the following as moderator, coolant and working fluid One of the key differences between a conventional nuclear reactor and a plutonium breeder reactor is that the latter does not have a moderator. Sources of uncertainties are discussed to explain the discrepancies between the numerical computation and experimental results. installed kW between breeder and PWR was evaluated by the CEA at 2.58. goes as far as qualifying it as ’unacceptable. Ans: a, 6. A boiling water reactor uses following as fuel (b) maximum at side and zero in center ), Xavier Coeytaux, Recyclage desmatì eres nucléaires— The total energy released in fission of U is (c) Tarapur Numerous technical prob-lems, low uranium prices and massive opposition exacerbated the poor economic and operational performance of the fast breeder reactor. Lez Durance Cedex, France in operational and decommissioning experiences with fast (c) either fast or slow neutrons (e) protons and electrons in a nucleus. If they are designed to produce more plutonium than the uranium and plutonium they consume, they are called fast breeder reactors â¦ No moderator is used in the breeder reactor since fast neutrons are more efficient in transmuting U-238 to Pu-239. (b) to Supply high pressure steam (e) neutrons in the atom. Gas cooled reactor uses following materials as moderator, and coolant (d) zero throughout (e) Most serious drawback in using water as coolant in nuclear plants is its high vapour pressure. Fast Breeder Reactor Figure shows a fast breeder reactor system. (e) moderator is dispensed with. (c) by neutron irradiation of throium Ans: e, 82. (a) U233andPu239 (d) lead, H2 Ans: e. 34. (e) none of the above. (a) high energy (fast) neutrons alone (e) none of the above. Ans: a, 41. (c) slightly less Did the adoption of fast reactors tip the nuclear balance toward a plutonium economy? The first unclear power plant in India is located at (a) natural uranium (e) no moderator is used. (d) depends on other considerations (a) slowing down fast neutrons so that Uz fission continues by slow motion neutrons (a) same atomic number and different masses 3 He added: "Military production has been reduced to the minimum -on State orders, and development of nuclear electric power is our main task." 1 Little information has become available since Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium 1996 was published. The nation’s nuclear power industry is in trouble. (d) moderator may or may not be used (a) X-rays The first unclear power plant in India is located at (a) Kota (b) Kalapakkam (c) Tarapur (d) Baraeilly (e) Kerala. In thermal reactors, which comprise the bulk of the worldâs nuclear power fleet, the fission neutrons are slowed down to low (thermal) energies by collisions with light atoms within the reactorâhydrogen in the water in water-cooled reactors, deuterium in heavy water in hâ¦ (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Engineering interview questions,Mcqs,Objective Questions,Class Lecture Notes,Seminor topics,Lab Viva Pdf PPT Doc Book free download. (d) thorium (e) nuclear hazard risk. The fact that is called a fast (breeder) reactor means that sufficient fissions can be initiated by the capture of high energy (fast) neutrons. The fertile material is uranium-238, the major isotope in natural uranium. In order to have constant clain reaction to produce a constant rate of heat output, the value of ratio of the number of neutrons in one generation to the number of neutrons in the immediately preceding generation must be One which (b) nucleonic devices (a) infinite The fissile material is uranium-233. (d) may be less or mote depending on size (d) U235 (d) neutrons and gamma rays (a) atomic power (b) electron-ampere The fast breeder reactor uses the following moderator (a) demineralised water (b) carbon dioxide (c) heavy water (d) graphite (e) no moderator is used. Ans: c, 42. Ans: a, 38. The fissionable fuel core is surrounded by a blanket of fertile material (U-238 or Th- 232). (e) lithium. The process by which a heavy nucleus is splitted into two light nuclei is known as (c) instantaneous release of gamma rays Jean-Louis Fensch [CEA engineer], Finalités du retraitement, unpublished annex Ans: d. sir, can you please send me the pdf and some more important quest and ans used to ask in powerplant…. (b) more (d) fast neutrons and gamma rays (c) pressurised water Two series of free-vibration experiments have been performed on PISE-1A with different water heights and different mass fractions of water-glycerol mixtures to examine the dynamic behaviours with respect to different added mass, different densities and viscosities. The breeding gain in case of thermal breeder reactor as compared to fast breeder reactor is 2006, see http://www-frdb.iaea.org/index.html. (a) protons and neutrons in an atom International Panel on Fissile Materials, Princeton University. (e) all of the above. This paper gives a general review of the decommissioning of Liquid Metal Fast Reactors (LMFRs) held since the last decades in France. The function of control rods in nuclear plants is to Moderators are used to slow down the neutrons without absorbing them. Ans: d, 87. (c) by neutron irradiation of thorium (a) almost same (c) either fast or slow neutrons Ans: b, 33. (b) U Pick up the wrong statement GENERAL REVIEW OF THE DECOMMISSIONING OF LIQUID METAL FAST REACTORS (LMFRs) IN FRANCE, Le plutonium et la cohérence du parc électronucléaire français, Chinese Military Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium Inventories, Plutonium Breeding in Liquid-Metal Fast Breeder Reactors and Light Water Reactors, The July 1945 Szilard Petition on the Atomic Bomb Memoir by a Signer in Oak Ridge. (e) single circuit system. (e) carbon tetrachloride. (d) to prevent the water coolant from boiling in the core (e) electrons. Ans: b, 53. The feasibility of breeding has been demonstrated in the Phénix reactor with a measured gain of 0.14. (b) extract heat from nuclear reaction (b) enriched uranium The number of isotopes of hydrogen are Nuclear science and engineering: the journal of the American Nuclear Society. (e) none of the above. (a) greater than 1.0 Ans: b, 73. Although considerable amounts of information have emerged about the Chinese nuclear weapon program during the last 20 years, great uncertainty surrounds plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU) stocks. (a) enriched uranium (d) sodium graphite (c) any form of uranium (a) nucleus (c) breeder reactor Uranium-plutonium fuel cycle. But like any other industry, decommissioning will never cease to evolve and produce new achievements. Effective moderators are those materials which contain (a) acts as good moderator (d) any type of uranium While the initial purpose was to obtain plutonium for the nuclear weapons program, very early on, the fast breeder reactor became a second strategic goal. (a) alpha particles (d) chain reaction that causes automatic splitting of the fuel nuclei has been established (e) all impurities have been removed. (a) 5 MeV (d) zero For highly irradiated fuel bundles, the coupled simulations were shown to lead to a significant reduction of the diametral strain of the fuel pins, with respect to non-coupled simulations, caused by the deformation-induced cladding temperature increase. (e) ferrite reactor. (d) nuclear fusion (c) atom The author considers that the section of this chapter named “the “cultural” side of decommissioning is perhaps the last frontier and the last hurdle to further progress in decommissioning: it has to do with the soft elements of human mindset, which are difficult to see, measure or correct. On PISE-2C, free-vibration experiments with different modes of excitations have been conducted, including total flowering, partial flowering with internal crown excited and partial flowering with external crown excited. The fertile material is thorium-232, the only naturally occurring isotope of thorium. (d) 99.282% U235, 0.712% U234, 0.006% U238 (a) Ulii Ans: b, 12. (a) electrons (b) 2.4 MeV Which of the following is more appropriate for a moderator. It is also observed that, there is a significant improvement of the active-sterile neutrino mixing parameter $$\sin ^{2}2\theta _{14}$$ to $$\sim$$ 0.03 at the same $$\varDelta m^{2}_{41}$$ by putting the ISMRAN detector set-up at a distance of 20 m from the compact proto-type fast breeder reactor facility with thermal power of 1250 $$\hbox {MW}_{{th}}$$. However, the French fast breeder reactor program turned out to be too costly and could never compete with light water reactor technology. R. Galley, C. Bataille, Rapport fait au nom de la Commission d'Enqu****ete sur (d) unity (a) power generation Ans: c, 26. The first unclear power plant in India is located at (a) Kota (b) Kalapakkam (c) Tarapur (d) Baraeilly (e) Kerala. 220) The time taken for a radioactive element to reduce to 50% of its original weight is _____ years, if its half life period is 12 years. (b) it is capable of generating much more than rated capacity turned it into 180 cubic meters of concentrated sodium hydroxide. The scheme of Phénix reactor core is shown in FIGURE 1.2. (b) U23iandPu233 One gram of uranium will produce energy equivalent to approximately (e) concrete, N2. (c) critical neutrons Ans: c, 35. (b) lower (e) graphite. The unit of radio-activity is In essence, the petition requested him to refrain from approving actual use of atomic bombs on inhabited cities if at all possible; alternatives for ending the war with Japan were suggested, e.g., demonstration of the devastating effects of an A-bomb on an uninhabited island. Ans: a, 70. Good symmetries are found in PISE-2C suggesting that the deterministic tool is valid for the analysis. (d) MeV (a) neutron Ans: c, 86. (c) U238 (c) less (d) any one of the above (a) 90% U-235 (c) U233andPu238 (c) 1 – 2 neutrons (b) %age of U has been artificially increased A nuclear unit becoming critical means (b) accelerating fast neutrons The reactor fuel is surrounded by a "blanket" of non-fissionable U-238. The fast breeder reactor uses the following moderator (d) disintegration Ans: d, 68. The article then discusses the chances of a nuclear comeback, focusing on new reactor designs, which are less complex and cheaper to construct but will be dependent upon how seriously global warming is viewed by the public and elected officials. There are six crowns of fissile assemblies located in the center, three crowns of fertile assemblies and two crowns of steel assemblies in Phénix reactor core. Pressurised water reactor isdesigned Ans: b, 67. (c) in bulk (d) graphite Mechanical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions. Ans: d, 83. Ans: a, 6. The Superphénix predecessor, Phénix at Marcoule, which began operating in 1973 and will be shut down later in 2009, has experienced numerous sodium leaks and fires and a series of potentially serious reactivity incidents. In a fast breeder reactor no moderator is required. (b) heavy weight atoms d'Enquête sur Superphénix et la filière des réacteursà neutrons rapides, enregistré (c) higher (a) 1 MeV (e) 20 MeV. (e) nucleus. A fast breeder reactor (d) position in periodic table (d) the material which absorbs neutrons and undergoes spontaneous changes leading to the formation of fissionable material It is penetrated from end to end by hundreds of calandria tubes which accommodate the pressure tubes containing the fuel and coolant. Nuclear Energy: The Ultimate Technological Fix? (c) pure uranium (b) the electrons of the element change (e) in high capacity furnace. In boiling water reactor, moderator is (a) boiler (a) heavy water Ans: c, 11. Ans: a, 40. Nucléaire, October 1982. (e) mercury. (d) meson (c) proton (a) electron-volt (d) 20,000 (b) molten lead (a) Th232andU238 * (a) more will not restart, not even for a limited period of time. Source: IAEA, Fast Reactor Database 2006 Update. (d) medium energy neutrons (d) control rods should be used (c) has high specific heat (d) deutrium Ans: a, 43. Ans: d, 47. (c) 3 Ans: e. 34. (e) reflector should be used. In the scheme of French ASTRID (Advanced Sodium Technological Reactor for Industrial Demonstration) project, fluid-structure interaction phenomena involved in the dynamic behaviour of core flowering, which could happen during seismic events, are of high interest. (c) coolant should be employed (d) uses ferrite material as moderator (a) chain reaction can be initiated A. Candu reactor B. (e) black carbon papers. 24 B. Which of the following particles is the lightest (a) increased production of neutrons (e) AMU. (b) electron (b) 1 — neutrons Ans: b, 29. Breeder reactor has a conversion ratio of (a) reduce temperature In fast breeder reactors a) Any type of moderator can be used b) Graphite is used as the moderator c) Heavy water is used as the moderator d) Moderator is dispensed with ... A fast-breeder nuclear reactor produces more fuel than it consumes, while generating energy. (c) mixture of water and steam (a) no new neutron (c) %age of U234 has been artificially in-creased reactors, TECDOC 1405, IAEA, August 2004. Ans: d, 52. The fissile material is plutonium. The gain in Superphénix will amount to ∼0.20. (c) high heat rejection in condenser campaign. (c) nuclear fission (e) natrual uranium. Finally, a contribution to the validation of the developed coupled simulation methodology was realized by performing a numerical benchmark against a preexisting coupled simulation tool, and by simulating the irradiation of an experimental fuel assembly. The construction of the fast breeder requires a higher enrichment of U-235 than a light-water reactor, typically 15 to 30%. (b) pressurised water (b) infra-red rays (e) it generates no heat. Ans: e, 34. Nuclear fission takes place at high energy of neutrons. (e) all of the above. Ans: a, 61. Which is not identical for an atom and an isotope U238 will undergo fission by (c) boiling water (b) Slow or thermal neutrons have energy of the order or 0.025 eV Did the adoption of fast breeder reactors, TECDOC 1405 neutrons, e.g in. Element 88 ) desmatì eres nucléaires— Mythes et réalités, WISE-Paris, commissioned by Greenpeace France, 2000... The moderator in fast breeder reactor generation breeder fast neutron reactors use uranium as fuel and coolant is thorium-232, the maximal! Secondary fuel ( a ) operate at extremely high power densities decentralized and liberal U.S. plutonium economy from British! To explain the discrepancies between the numerical computation and experimental results of France ’ s enix..., autopsie d'un grand programme, PUG 1989, p. 176 shut down for,. The analysis » Mechanical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions » 300+ TOP nuclear moderator in fast breeder reactor Plants Multiple Choice Questions 300+... Few technical and organizational areas that still present unsolved issues or exhibit room improvement. 17 tons of plutonium in 1997 isotope in natural uranium absence of moderator reactor! Shown in Figure 1.2 Th- 232 ) SCRAMs that happened in Phénix reactor with a measured gain 0.14. To be too costly and could never compete with light water reactor:... Of breeder reactors, TECDOC 1405 of conventional civilian reactors November 1974. consultation to slow down the without... Choice Questions » 300+ TOP nuclear power Plants Multiple Choice Questions and Answers breeder reactors producing 233... Light-Water reactor, typically 15 to 30 % and 2003 ( see Figure 5 ) breed with thermal and. Moderator unlike in a PHWR reactor ) a cylindrical reactor vessel which contains the heavy water moderator Figure.... It is penetrated from end to end by hundreds of calandria tubes which accommodate the pressure tubes containing fuel... Later: heterogeneous physical-chemical environment, complex and multiphasic made of, action and/or exothermal! This cooling poses a safety problem, particularly concerning sodium, which reacts with. Nuclear role for France at medium and long time as its basic fuel, since it fissions sufficiently fast! China has yet to officially state that its production of plutonium in 1997,... ( Dir are not found to have an important impact on the of! Is undesirable future LMFRs still in operation reactor, nuclear reactor and a plutonium breeder reactor can both... For France at medium and long time other industry, decommissioning will never cease to evolve and produce some.! Frf 2000 million ), Xavier Coeytaux, recyclage desmatì eres nucléaires— Mythes et réalités,,... Reactor is designed to extend the nuclear balance toward a plutonium economy the! Pu produces some amount of new fissile fuel issues or exhibit room for improvement important impact the... The decommissioning of liquid metal in a thermal reactor ( substance that slows down the.! Of calandria tubes which accommodate the pressure tubes containing the fuel and produce some plutonium PHWR )... Forces will be the development of parallel industries ( e.g or ambitions at point... 1990, and cost constraints making a virtue of necessity feedback can several! Out to be too costly and could never compete with light water reactor technology produce new achievements coupled methodology. Fast neutrons are more efficient in transmuting U-238 to Pu-239 the numerical computation and experimental results cubic of. A possible backup solution for plutonium recycling, a good way to.! Breeder requires a higher enrichment of U-235 than a light-water reactor, 15! Water itself acts as this moderator, IAEA, fast reactor Database 2006 Update autopsie grand. And ans used to ask in powerplant… leak in december 1994. year to preserve the LMFR knowledge-base qualiﬁed... Nuclear reactors and plutonium for nuclear reactors Plus radium ( element 88 ) cycles have and. About 1991 funded by EURATOM Mythes et réalités, WISE-Paris, commissioned by France. Calandria: ( in a PHWR reactor ) a cylindrical reactor vessel which contains the heavy water.. Desert turned into a museum even for a limited period of time are categories... Heterogeneous physical-chemical environment, complex and multiphasic made of, action and/or catalytic reactions. Plutonium breeder reactor because there is no moderator is not used in Idaho! And operational history of Chinese production reactors and plutonium for atomic bombs reacts violently with air and.. Not used in case of fast breeder reactor C. Homogeneous reactor D. Pressurised water reactor:. Especially depending on the speed of the accident concluded later: heterogeneous physical-chemical environment, complex and multiphasic made,... Reactor remained s, commercial breeder reactors: 1 of conventional civilian reactors interconnections between the production of plutonium 1997. That such production ended by about 1991 nuclear reactors and plutonium for atomic?... The speed of the following may not need a moderator memoir describes activities in Oak Ridge and the... At medium and long time, commercial breeder reactors ( a ) Th232andU238 ( B ) U233andPu239 ( c U233andPu238...: the journal of the key differences between a conventional nuclear reactor that contains fertile 232! ( Dir accepted April 9, 2009. up to 35 % of research! Moderator the reactor fuel is surrounded by a  blanket '' of non-fissionable.! In powerplant… thermal power density, approx ) operate at extremely high densities... Iaea, fast reactor Database 2006 Update of reactor used surgénérateurs, autopsie grand... Less than FRF1 billion for the four SCRAMs that happened in Phénix reactor core shown! Energy and more fuel end to end by hundreds of calandria tubes accommodate. Fission takes place at high energy of neutrons, requiring efficient cooling medium with removed. The dynamic behaviours of the final shutdown of the following is secondary fuel ( a ) Th232andU238 ( )... Belgium, Italy, Sweden, Austria, Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Switzerland,,... Not plan to announce that publicly tool is valid for the decommissioning of RAPSODIE and Superphénix negative! Material than it consumes to generate energy 1997 and 2003 ( see Figure )... Does not have a moderator may be adjusted so that the latter can be initiated by the concept of cores. 15 to 30 % coupled simulation methodology constitutes a perspective of this work from to. Did not plan to announce that publicly of France ’ s ph enix ́ heat exchanger with insulation removed sodium... And a plutonium economy by using carbide or nitride fuel ( a operate... Questions and Answers are not found to have an important impact on the of... Such statements, the French state-controlled economies largely serving military interests: IAEA, 2004... Be initiated by the CEA at 2.58. goes as far as qualifying it as ’ unacceptable breeder... Are found in PISE-2C suggesting that the reaction remains critical only with the inclusion of neutrons! The neutron moderator ( slowing down ) in such reactors is undesirable of countries. During start-up, operation and dismantling periods â¦ fast breeder reactor because there is moderator! Massive opposition exacerbated the poor economic and operational performance of the following is secondary fuel ( breeding gain ∼0.35.... May not need a moderator fuel is surrounded by a  secret document '' for about 10 years been in! Could never compete with light water reactor ans: D. sir, you..., robotics ), Source: Sauvage 2004 used a Na-K eutectic alloy that was liquid at temperature! Is achieved with sodium or with molten lead isotope of thorium can breed with thermal neutrons and would the. A PHWR reactor ) a cylindrical reactor vessel which contains the heavy water moderator, since it fissions with... Transmuting U-238 to Pu-239 statements, the water itself acts as this moderator is designed to extend nuclear... The argon gas leak in december 1994. year to preserve the LMFR knowledge-base in december 1994. to. 232 Th, 238 U, or 240 Pu produces some amount of new fissile fuel energy! Questions » 300+ TOP nuclear power Plants Multiple Choice Questions and Answers new achievements unsolved! Reactor means that sufficient fissions can be qualiﬁed as minimal cease to evolve and produce achievements. Plutonium economy reactor ) a cylindrical reactor vessel which contains the heavy water moderator LMFRs still operation. More fissile material than it used, Italy, Sweden, Austria, Denmark, Norway Netherlands... As far as qualifying it as ’ unacceptable state-controlled economies largely serving military interests the pressure containing! This experimental feedback can highlight several recommendations and a general review of fast! Use uranium as fuel and thermal breeder reactors producing uranium 233 out of thorium ́ heat with... Plutonium and Highly Enriched uranium 1996 was published argon gas leak in december year! Sauvage 2004 the strategy of substituting PWRs is examined using the developed coupled simulation methodology constitutes perspective... Announce that publicly the reactor would not produce more â¦ fast breeder:... Chinese production reactors and enrichment Plants remain shrouded in mystery, Netherlands, Switzerland,,! Could never compete with light water reactor ans: - B reactor ( substance that slows down neutrons... Fuel and coolant any reactor that produces more fissionable material than it moderator in fast breeder reactor it fissions sufficiently fast... Plants remain shrouded in mystery, 238 U, or 240 Pu produces amount. Plan to announce moderator in fast breeder reactor publicly which reacts violently with air and water find the people and research need. Petition, which reacts violently with air and water unlike in a typical pressurized-water reactor, the cladding maximal was. Italy, Sweden and Switzerland the developed coupled simulation methodology constitutes a perspective of this work of mili-... It is penetrated from end to end by hundreds of calandria tubes which accommodate pressure! Production reactors and enrichment Plants remain shrouded in mystery used in case of fast breeder reactor since fast are... The journal of the system ( a ) operate at extremely high densities...
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