Manoncourt S, Doppler B, Enten F, Nur AE, Mohamed AO, et al. The result of an illegitimate government in the country has allowed extremist groups to take over large portions of Somalia and to threaten Kenya. With the stakes so high, it … Kenya hosts the largest population of Somali refugees and has troops serving in the Africa Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), which is helping the government led by President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo battle the Al Qaeda-linked armed group, Al Shabab. The cross-border areas with Somalia, Ethiopia, Southern Sudan and Uganda have been characterized by conflict since time immemorial. Conflict in Somalia has deep political roots that go back decades. Depoortere E, Checchi F (2006) Pre-emptive war epidemiology: lessons from the Democratic Republic of Congo. (1992) Public health consequences of the civil war in Somalia, April, 1992. Kenya demanded Somalia to abandon its ICJ case for bilateral discussion. The combination of historical linkages between Kenya and Somalia and the former’s role in attempts to resolve the Somali conflict has created an imperative for the study of the impact of the conflict on Kenya’s foreign policy. A diplomatic spat between Kenya and Somalia is now affecting trade, particularly Somalis living in Kenya. The quarrel over the oil blocks has strained otherwise close ties between the two countries. Al-Shabab continues to conduct attacks both within Somalia and in neighboring Kenya, including a January 15, 2019, attack on an upscale Nairobi hotel complex in … Somalia sees this as delaying tactics as discussion did not produce results between 2009 and 2014. This seems to create confusion. At the beginning of 1991, Kenya had never hosted more than 14,500 refugees at a time – but by mid-1992, Kenya had become home to nearly 400,000 refugees, mostly from Somalia, Ethiopia, and Sudan (Odhiambo-Abuya, 2004). Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahedeen commonly known as Al-Shabaab is the terrorist group controlling a majority of rural Somalia. Somalia - Somalia - Civil war: Somalia’s defeat in the Ogaden War strained the stability of the Siad regime as the country faced a surge of clan pressures. How did we get here? On December 9, 1992, 1,800 United States Marines arrive in Mogadishu, Somalia, to spearhead a multinational force aimed at restoring order in the conflict-ridden country. Somalia denied the accusation. The conflict in Somalia therefore, is expected to have some form of influence on Kenya’s foreign policy. Kenya gave mining rights to France and Italian companies in 2009, however, accused Somalia of doing the same. The East African country of Somalia has struggled without a formal government for over twenty years. Conflict in Kenya is not new. Conflict in these cross-border localities is associated with cattle rustling, whose key drivers are water and pastoral land. 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